ABOUT CASA GRANDE
Discover the Heart and Soul of Casa Grande
Casa Grande, a vibrant city nestled in the heart of Arizona, welcomes you with its rich history, diverse culture, and warm hospitality. With a perfect blend of modern amenities and small-town charm, Casa Grande offers a unique destination where history, adventure, and community converge.
Location and Overview
Casa Grande is strategically situated in the southern part of Arizona, conveniently accessible from major cities like Phoenix and Tucson. This vibrant city boasts a unique blend of historical significance and modern amenities, making it an ideal destination for both residents and visitors. With its central location, Casa Grande offers easy access to stunning desert landscapes, cultural attractions, recreational activities, and a welcoming community that reflects the spirit of Arizona’s rich heritage.
Casa Grande’s history is deeply rooted in its Native American heritage and the growth of the American Southwest. Originally inhabited by indigenous tribes, the city’s name comes from the iconic Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, a well-preserved ancient structure that stands as a testament to the region’s past. The city evolved as a trading post, agricultural hub, and transportation crossroads, playing a pivotal role in Arizona’s development. Today, Casa Grande continues to honor its history while embracing progress, offering a captivating blend of tradition and modernity for residents and visitors to explore and appreciate.
Community and Culture
Casa Grande’s community is a diverse and dynamic tapestry woven with cultures from around the world. This city’s welcoming atmosphere fosters connections and friendships among residents, creating a strong sense of belonging. From local events that celebrate the arts, food, and history, to the vibrant traditions that reflect the heritage of its people, Casa Grande’s culture is a testament to the spirit of unity that thrives here. Whether it’s the lively festivals, the warm greetings of neighbors, or the support for local businesses, Casa Grande’s community and culture come together to create a unique and enriching experience for all who call it home.
Visit Us Today
Come visit Casa Grande, where history and modernity merge to create a captivating destination. With a rich cultural heritage and a thriving community, this city offers a unique blend of tradition and innovation. Explore its historical landmarks, immerse yourself in its diverse events and festivals, indulge in its culinary delights, and bask in its warm and welcoming atmosphere. Whether you’re drawn to its fascinating history, its vibrant arts scene, or its outdoor recreational opportunities, Casa Grande has something for everyone. Experience the charm and hospitality of this Arizona gem, and make lasting memories in a place where the past meets the present.
A Timeline of Historic Casa Grande
1848 – 1853
Historical Layers of Casa Grande
- The Hohokams abandoned their settlement in this area (now Casa Grande Ruins National Monument) for reasons that are still being questioned and under archeological theory. The Spanish Conquistadors were most likely the first “outsiders” to visit the area, sometime during the mid-1500s. During this time, the Akimel O’Odham lived along the Gila River. In addition, the Tohono O’Odham and the Maricopa peoples settled nearby.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Gadsden Purchase
- In 1848, the section of Arizona north of the Gila River was part of the land ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican war of 1848. The land south of the Gila River, which includes Pinal County, was acquired in the 1853 Gadsden Purchase.
The Railroad Terminus
- Casa Grande began as many other towns and cities across the west began: as the end of the railroad. As the Southern Pacific Railroad was being built across Arizona, construction had to stop for a variety of reasons. Each place it stopped was called Terminus until the railroad continued. Each temporary stop was either renamed as a town or abandoned.
The Railroad's Arrival
- The Southern Pacific Railroad Company obtained permission to build from the west to the Colorado River at Yuma. The Southern Pacific arrived at the river opposite Yuma on May 20, 1877— only to have to halt construction until September 29, when the bridge across the Colorado was finished.
The Birth of Casa Grande
- Work resumed November 19, 1878. As the railroad progressed across the desert from Yuma, the heat became oppressive. By May 19, 1879, a point was reached about where the present town of Casa Grande is now located. Work was stopped until January 24,1880 and that temporary stop was called “Terminus.” In September 1880, executives of the Southern Pacific Railroad renamed the town after the prehistoric Hohokam Indian structure (Great House) and ruins located 20 miles to the east.
The Resilience of Casa Grande: Rising from Ashes
- The Casa Grande Post Office was established in 1881, and the town rapidly grew as a railhead to nearby mines by 1882. However, devastating fires in 1886 and 1893 destroyed most of the town’s wooden buildings, including the entire business district, but the resilient community spirit prevailed, leading to a diverse population of 256 by 1890 and the reconstruction of 70 buildings.
Resilience and Agricultural Revival
- A national mining slump almost killed the town during the 1890s. By 1902, Casa Grande’s business district had dwindled to a mercantile store, saloon and two smaller stores. Agriculture saved the community from becoming another Southwestern mining ghost town. Small-scale agriculture and farm trade, livestock and vegetables, crops such as alfalfa, wheat, barley, citrus and cotton became important export commodities. Agriculture became an important economic driver for Casa Grande and Pinal County.
Century of Growth
- The City of Casa Grande was incorporated in 1915. Casa Grande continued to grow during the 20th Century. The hard-working residents continued to face obstacles head-on. The character traits of determination and community spirit, continued to inspire each generation through today to work through problems and build the Casa Grande, while maintaining its renowned small-town charm and friendliness. In 2000, the population of Casa Grande was 20,000. In 2023, it was 60,000 residents.
Casa Grande's Evolution: From Past to Future
- The ongoing development of industry, manufacturing, technology, commercial business, communications and an ideal central location between Phoenix and Tucson, at the crossroads of I-8 and I-10 have created Casa Grande’s tremendous potential for the future. We value our long, rich past. Our 145-year history informs who we are today. Careful planning, a solution-based attitude and love-of-community have brought us to this point and will lead us for decades.